· В неких случаях различия в употреблении этих времен нет. Сравните:
I’ve played the piano since I was a boy. – I’ve been playing the piano since I was a boy.
How long have you worked in the office? – How long have you been working in the office?
· Present Perfect употребляется в этом случае, когда мы Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? имеем в виду короткое действие, Present Perfect Continuous подчеркивает продолжительность деяния.
I’ve cut my finger. (One short action)
I’ve been cutting firewood. (Perhaps over several hours)
· Present Perfect употребляется для обозначения законченного деяния:
I’ve painted the kitchen and now I’m doing the bathroom.
· Present Perfect Continuous обозначает незаконченное Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? действие, потому не может употребляться в предложениях, в каких есть количественный итог:
I’ve been reading all day. I’ve read ten chapters.
She’s been smoking since she arrived. She’s had 12 already.
· Present Perfect Continuous время от времени употребляется, чтоб выделить временность, непостоянство данного деяния:
We’re staying with friends until we find our Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? own place to live. We’ve been living with them for six weeks.
· Некие глаголы, обычно, не употребляются во временах Continuous. К ним относятся глаголы, выражающие восприятия органов эмоций (to see, to hear, to feel, to watch), чувственные восприятия (to like, to hate, to love, to dislike Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?, to want…), интеллектуальные восприятия (to think, to understand, to know …), также глаголы to be, to have. Эти глаголы употребляются исключительно в Present Perfect.
I haven’t seen Ann for a long time.
She’s hada lot of things to do since she began working here.
Ex. 1. Complete the sentences using the Present Perfect Continuous tense.
1. I’m Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? tired. I (play) tennis all afternoon. 2. The Smiths (live) in Stratford for nearly 3 years. 3. It’s time to do your homework. You (watch) television since 10 o’clock. 4. A friend of mine (learn) English for nearly 4 years, but she still doesn’t speak it well. 5. It (rain) all day. 6. Greg Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? speaks French like a native. He (learn) it since childhood. 7. They are nervous and angry. They (wait) for a bus for over an hour. 8. We can’t drive a car today because of a snowstorm. It (snow) since Monday. 9. My feet are killing me. I (do shopping) all Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? day. 10. Martin has bought a new computer. He (save up) money for two years. 11. Helen’s eyes are red and puffy. She (cry). 12. Something (go on). She (not, answer) my letters. 13. You look hot. – Yes, I (play) tennis. 14. You (sleep) for the last ten hours.
Ex. 2. Form negative sentences.
1. George Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? doesn’t look very tired. I think he (work) too hard. 2. Kevin and Angela (talk) to each other for more than a week. 3. There’s no need to apologize. We (wait) here for hours. 4. Unfortunately, I cant’ play the piano as well as I used to. I (practice Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?) for over 5 years. 5. It (rain) all morning. 6. I don’t know Moscow well. I (live) here for very long.
Ex. 3. Make the sentences general questions.
1. I (think) it over all night. 2. We (do) nothing to help him. 3. Emma (play) chess almost all her life. 4. The Lloyds (live) here for Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? a long time. 5. Fred (not, read) the paper since 5 o’clock. 6. You (not, collect) stamps for years. 7. I (look) for the cat everywhere. 8. Henry (tell) Kate the truth about poor old George. 9. Lucy (prepare) for her exam since April. 10. You (run). You are out of breath.
Ex. 4. Ask Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? alternative questions.
1. He (learn) Italian / Spanish since last year? 2. Your brother (play) football / hockey since he was 7? 3. She (read) a romantic novel / a detective story all night? 4. The children (lie in the sun / swim in the sea) all day? 5. It (rain) since yesterday / early morning? 6. You (stay in Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? the hotel / with your relatives) since you arrived here? 7. He (wait) for Helen / Victor? 8. Jack (do) his homework for two / three hours? 9. You (talk) with Mike / Nick about this affair? 10. Granny (knit) a sweater / a pullover since March?
Ex. 5. Complete these conversations using Present Perfect Continuous.
|1. A (What / Tom / do Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous??) B: (talk on the phone.) A: (Who / he / talk to?) B: (talk to Mary.) 3. A: (What / you / do?) B: (write a letter.) A: (Who / you / write to?) B: (write to my parents.)||2. A: (What / the kids / do?) B. (play computer games.) A: (How long / they / play?) B: (all evening.) 4. A: (Where / she Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? / work?) B: (in London.) A. (Which company / she / work for? B. (for Coca-Cola.)|
Ex. 6. Ask questions about the information in italics.
1. They (play) basketball for an hour. 2. His sister (take) dancing classes. 3. The children (stay) in the street because their mother has lost the key to the Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous? front door. 4. My mother (read) a fascinating novel. 5. Our distant relatives (stay) with us for a while. 6. We (play) tennis since 10 a.m. 7. A friend of hers (drive) a Volvo for two years. 8. I (look after) their children for a week. 9. Peter (look through) the mail since breakfast. 10. You (use Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous?) this computer for three years. 11. They (watch) you for the last few days. 12. She (tell) you all this to make you realize the truth.